Diary of Edson Whipple
(Submitted to the Whipple Website by Alice (Manning) Whipple,
An introductory account of Edson's life is followed by a
day-by-day journal of Edson's journey to help settle Iron County (present-day
Parowan), Utah, 8 Dec 1850-17 Sep 1851.
Edson Whipple, son of John and Basmath Hutchens Whipple, grand son of Timothy
and Elizabeth Safford Whipple, born in the town of Dunmerston, County of Wyndam,
State of Vermont, Feb. 5th, 1805, baptized by Elder Benjamin Winchester in
Philadelphia, June 15th, 1840, confirmed by Lorenzo Barnes, ordained a Presiding
Priest by Pres. Orson Hyde Oct. 17th, 1840, ordained an High Priest and first
counselor to Elder B. Winchester in Philadlephia by Pres. Hyrum Smith April 6th,
1841. Removed to Nauvoo Sept. 1842. I was called at the general conference in
April, 1844, to go on a mission in company with David D. Yearsley to the State
of Pennsylvania to canvass the State and present to the people Joseph Smith's
views on government and he for a candidate for the next President of the United
States. Left Nauvoo the 4th of May, returned in November following. While away
the Prophet Joseph was martyred. At the first meeting after my return I saw the
mantle of Joseph Smith rest upon Brigham Young while he spoke to the people. I
assisted in building up the City and Temple and defending our homes against the
mob. Was present at the laying of the capstone of the Temple and received my
endowments in it when finished. And during the winter of 1845 worked under Capt.
Charles C. Rich at making wagons being organized in his ten. In the spring of
1846, May 15th crossed the Mississippi River on my way to the Rocky Mountains
(This valley of the Great Salt Lake) with my family of four, myself, wife,
Mother and one child. Stopped at Garden Grove two weeks, and then rolled out for
Council Bluffs, overtook Bishop Hales Company and traveled with them; arrived at
the Bluffs about the middle of July. While traveling we met Pres. Brigham Young
returning from the Bluffs to Pisgah. He informed us that the government had made
a demand upon the Latter-day Saints for five hundred men to enlist as volunteers
to go to Mexico, and said we should respond.
After arriving at the Bluffs, as we were counseled, myself and family in
company with several other families looked out for a place, some 25 or 30 mines
below the Bluffs down the river where we thought of wintering on Pony Creek. We
prepared for the winter but found after remaining there until the 1st of
November, it was so sickly, had to move. While stopping there myself and family
were all sick, and on the 9th of Sept. my Mother died, and three days after my
wife died also, and at the same time myself and child were both very sick. The
whole camp, some 14 families were all but two persons sick and dying off. While
there we buried some whole families. After our removal to another place, some 4
miles (on the 8th of December) my little girl died (22 months old) and was taken
to the place where her mother and grandmother were buried, and they lay buried
side by side in coffins made of plank split off of the basswood tree. Being
driven from our comfortable homes from Nauvoo exposed as we were to heat and
storms and the comforts of life by a ruthless mob, they died martyrs to the
cause of Christ and in the Resurrection will receive a martyrs reward.
In the spring of 1847 I was called in company with 142 more and organized as
a Pioneer Company to lead the way into the wilderness. I left Winter Quarters on
the 9th of April, traveled in the first ten of the second division under Capt.
Appleton Harmon; in which Pres. Heber C. Kimball traveled. I was one of the
guards selected to guard the camp taking my turn every third night, half of the
After arriving at Salt Lake when the Pioneers returned, I remained and took
charge of the property left by the Pioneers, and all of Bro. Kimball's family
and effects that came up in the company that followed the Pioneers; having
buried all my family on the road, I farmed for him the first year, raised some
four hundred bushels of grain for him. I was a member of the First High Council
organized in Salt Lake City. The second year after the emigration arrived on the
13th day of October, 1846 [1848?], I started in company with eleven more to go
back to the States on business for myself and for the discharged soldiers. While
I was in the States, Elder Woodruff was sent back to the States with an epistle
on the Twelve to gather out the Saints from the East. I was called by a written
epistle from him to assist him in visiting the Saints and to help in the
gathering. I had been laboring in Maryland and had baptized and organized a
Branch of sixteen members. I visited Brother Woodruff in Boston and was
requested to cross the Plains in his company in the early part of June 1850. I
met him at Bethlehem at the crossing of the Missouri River where his company was
organized with captains of tens and fifties and of hundreds. He appointed me
captain of fifty. Each fifty traveled separate, but sometimes we camped together
Capt. Leonard Hardy had charge of the first fifty in which Brother Woodruff
started. I had a blacksmith in my company and when we arrived at Ash Hollow, he
having ten wagons loaded with merchandise and machinery which required being
repaired, he moved them and his family into my fifty and traveled with me the
rest of the way. We arrived in Salt Lake the 13th of Oct. 1850. I had been
absent just two years from the time I left. Soon after I arrived I married
having been single from the time I buried my wife in Pottawattamie in 1847.
I was then called to go with G.A. Smith to settle Iron County. Left Salt Lake
on the 9th of Dec. 101 wagons in all. We arrived at the place where Parowan is
not located on the 14th of January. In organizing Iron County G.A. Smith was
appointed Judge of the County Court and it required two associates at that time
to make a full bench. I was his first associate in our military organization. I
was elected captain over the company called the Home Guards. B.A. requested us
to present plans for laying off our fort and for the plan of locating our
houses. Several of the company presented and I presented my plan which was
accepted and adopted, and Parowan was built up according to it.
George Brimhall and myself built a thrasher and a water power, getting a
grant from the city council to use the water of the creek. We threshed the first
crop raised. I was a member of the city council in May, 1851. President Young
and company made us a visit and while there Pres. H.C. Kimball counseled me
saying after the Mission was established to return to Provo.
John Whipple, Edson's father died in West Dummerston, Windham, Co., Vermont
and is buried in the graveyard nearby where he died. His gravestone is white
marble with the following inscription on it: Blessed are the dead who die in the
Lord. He has two daughters and one son buried on the north by his side, Betsey,
Maria and Edson, his sister Zipporah and her husband; they lay buried in the
same tier. He [John] has one daughter and her husband buried in Newfane, near
Williamsville, Laura, her husbands name, Daniel Aldrich, who was the husband of
Betsey, also these lived and died in Vermont. John, his oldest son died in
McKein County (Bradford) Penn. John's wife died in the same place. Simmis [i.e.
Dimmis] and her husband died in Otsego County (Milford) N.Y. Alfred died in
Chautauqua Co. (Climer) N.Y. Samuel died in Wisc. Emeline and her husband died
in Boston, Mass., buried in Wakefield, Middlesex, Co.
Basmath Hutchens, the wife of John Whipple who was the mother of Edson, died
in 1847, and is buried some twenty-five miles below Omaha, where Edson's first
wife Lavinnia Goss and her daughter are buried side by side. The mother died on
the 9th of Sept., Lavinnia on the 13th and the little girl who was some
twenty-two months old died on the 8th of Dec. the same year, the year we left
Nauvoo on the way to the mountains. This item of history written by Edson that
now lives Dec. 22, 1872.
After burying my mother, wife and child, the next spring I was called to go
with the Pioneers to the mountains. I left Winter Quarters the 9th day of April,
arrived in S.L. Valley July the 22nd. The company which numbered 143 when within
about 60 miles of S.L. was divided owing to the sickness in camp and Willard
Richards started with about one third of the company and the second day after
G.A. Smith started with about one half of the company that had been left. I went
with his company. We overtook the first company some seven miles before they
reached Salt Lake Valley. And the next day about four or five o'clock we camped
in the Valley on what is called East Canyon Creek. The next morning we move and
camped on City Creek. And the second day after President Young arrived with the
rest of the company it being July 24, 1847. We had with us ploughs and harrows
and we soon commenced to use them but found that the land had got to be watered
before we could plow. We appointed a man, one of our number by the name of
Walsey to be our watermaster. We watered from fifty to seventy five acres and
plowed it and planted a variety of seeds with came up and grew rapidly, but
owing to the lateness of the season but little matured. In a few days after our
arrival, a company of the Mormon Battalion arrived which had wintered at Santa
Fe. The largest half of the Pioneer company returned the same season to Winter
Quarters where we had left the April before.
- Dec. 8th Sunday, 1850.
- Wagon and team all ready for starting for Iron County. Rolled out in front
of Sister Eastman's house.
- Monday, 9th.
- Rolled out 9 miles to Brother McKineys.
- Tuesday, 10th.
- Overhauled my load and left some part of it with Br. McKiney.
- Wednesday, 11th.
- Went for my flour and seed wheat over to Br. Holladays.
- Thursday, 12th.
- Rolled out and fell in company with G.A. Smith. Camped near Willow Creek.
- Friday, 13th.
- Rolled on, crossed over the mountains to the Utah Valley in company with 9
wagons. Camped on Dry Creek where we overtook some six or eight more wagons,
John D. Lee and others.
- Saturday, 14th.
- Rolled on, crossed the American Fork, took the left hand road, camped on a
small creek by a small settlement where Louis Robinson kept his herd.
- Sunday, 15th.
- Crossed over to the right hand road and camped on the Provo in company
with some 60 or more wagons. Called a meeting in the evening, organized our
company in a traveling and military capacity. The names of the officers I
shall give hereafter.
- Monday, 16th.
- This morning several of us went to Thomas Williams herd to buy oxen and
cows. We get 13 head. I bought one pair of oxen for 85 dollars. We rolled on
about 12 o'clock and passed the Utah Fort. I left one pair of my oxen that
were too poor to go through with Eeller Williams to keep till I returned or
sent for them. Camped on Hobble Creek
- Tuesday, 17th.
- This morning some of our cattle were missing, but we found them all but
one cow of mine. I gave William Miller a description of her, requested him
if he found her to send her to me the first chance. We started about 11. It
soon commenced snowing and continued to do so until about 2 o'clock. We
camped after crossing on the Spanish Fork, 60 miles from the G.S.L. City,
hereafter camping. I counted 85 wagons and several more expected to join us
- Wednesday, 18th.
- This morning it continued snowing early; it broke away about 8. We rolled
out but found bad roads, the snow melting made a plenty of mud. We passed
through a low web bottom; many of the teams stalled; several had to double.
We camped about 3 on the Peteetneet near the last settlement in the Utah
Valley, and here we expect to stop for one day for the rest of the company
to come up. Some have been detained on the account of storm, others have
stopped back for fear they might have to lay in camp a day or two. The
settlement on this creek only consists of some 4 or 5 families, Brother Pace
Stewart and others. George A. together are busily engaged in making out the
reports to send back to the First Presidency. We are preparing to organize 4
militarist companies, 2 to consist of 30 men each, one to be mounted men and
the other to be foot company, to be as minute men, and two more, one to
consist of twelve men to man a small piece of artillery, which we have along
with us, the other to be a home protection to consist of old men and boys.
- Thursday, 19th.
- Pleasant this morning. We are laying by according to our expectation.
Completed our organization. Three more wagons have arrived in camp. Several
more are expected this evening. Today I called on Bro. James Lewis in behalf
of Sister Holman for balance due her on the adobies contract. Brother G.A.
Smith decided he should give her fifteen dollars and seventeen cents. Lewis
got Brother Joseph Horne to buy a piece of land of him on the west side of
the Jordan and Horne gave her his note for the amount. We drove up our
cattle this morning and gathered them this evening. We called out our
Battalion and inspected their arms and elected G.A. Smith Major. Received
his thanks and blessings if the thing was commattable [sic] he would treat
the company. He named the Battalion the Iron Battalion, and it was
unanimously received by all. I wrote two letters, one to Sister Holman, one
to Sister Eastman. My teams and effects consist of in all that I have with
me, myself and family, Mary Ann and Harriet Whipple, and Benjamin Hultz with
his wagon and one yoke of oxen fitted out by me with seed and provisions. I
am to give him 15 dollars for the use of his oxen, he is to work for me one
half of the time for his fitout. My provisions consist of 18.00 lbs of flour
and 2.00 lbs Indian meal, one hundred lbs of meat, 7 1/2 bushels of seed
wheat, 6 quarts of barley, 1/2 peck potatoes, 12 quarts of peas, a little
seed corn, and a variety of garden seeds, one bushel of beets, one of
onions, 25 lbs. rice, 20 lbs. sugar, 50 of coffee, 1 1/2 gls. molasses, 35
lbs. salt, 2 1/2 lbs. tea, 1 peck dried peaches, 1 wagon of my own, 1 of Br.
Hultze's, 6 oxen of my own, 2 of Hultze, 4 cows, 3 left behind, and one yoke
of oxen left behind, 4 chidkens, 1 cook stove, 1 spade, 1 shovel, 1 scythe,
1 hoe, 2 aces, 3 augers, 1 set of bitts, 14 lites of glass, 8 lbs. nails, 25
lbs. soap, 1 side of upper, 1 of sole leather, 1 calf skin, 2 guns, 4 lbs.
powder, 6 of lead, 5 of shot, 5 thousand of caps, 4 chains, 1 sickle.
- Friday, 20th.
- No more wagons arrived. It is rumored in camp that Frost, Harper, Hancock
and other are staying back to keep clear from the organization, but as to
this matter we do not know. We sent back a man to the Spanish Fork to see if
they are there. The camp rolled out about 10, the ground being frozen makes
good wheeling. We crossed one small creek and traveled about 6 miles and
camped on Summit Creek, the snow being several inches deep, but about 1/2
mile down the creek not much snow, and feed good. G.A. Smith and J.D. Lee
stopt back to find out the cause why the rest of the wagons did not come up
and to complete the organization ready to return to headquarters. Bro. Elias
Gardner started with us for the purpose of going through to the Sanpete
Valley but for the want of teams he was obliged to stop at Fort Peteetneet.
- Saturday, 21st.
- This morning many of the camp were up before daylight preparing for an
early start, and Capt. Call got through with his breakfast a little after
sunrise and called for four men out of each ten to drive up the cattle and
we were ready to roll out about 9. We found the snow increasing in depth
until we got to the\e top of the divide ridge between the place of our
starting and the creek we camped on, the roads good but slippery owing to
the snow. We crossed one small creek, passed one large spring, traveled 12
miles and camped about half past three on Willow Creek, the snow about 4 or
5 inches deep. A small creek and a few willows here. We expect to stay until
Monday. G.A. Smith, J.D. Lee and Br. Lunt came up with us just as we camped,
reported 11 wagons behind, and that Br. Levi Hancock stopped back at Utah
Fort for the want of more teams. G.A. brought news received by two and an
Indian from Sanpete that the Indians had robbed and killed a company of gold
diggers on the way to the mines just beyond the Little Salt Lake and also a
company of Spaniards with some seven thousand sheep. This night we, for the
first, placed out our guard, two at a time to be relieved every two hours.
This morning just as the camp was starting, Br. Wm. Jones and Br. Hall
turned their teams back, crossed the creek, but Jones concluded he would not
go back and he turned the team back again, but Hall put for the city.
- Sunday, 22nd.
- This morning cold and cloudy. The thermometer stood at 17 and 12 at noon
24 and in the evening 18. We started about 9 owing to the scarcity of wood
we thought best to travel, the roads good the country beautiful, the cedars
covering the sides of the mountains, the tops covered with fir of pine. We
traveled 11 miles and camped on Salt Creek about half past one; good feed,
the snow about 3 inches deep. The camp was called together for meeting about
3 and our President made a few remarks suited to the condition and appointed
James Lewis, clerk of the meetings. The President having received
instructions from President Young to build a bridge across Salt Creek,
appointed Tarlton Lewis and myself to select a place for it. We did so and
in the evening the boys drawed three sleepers and placed them and the men
with horse teams proposed to stop in the morning and cover it, and then roll
on and overtake the company. Here we leave the road that goes to the Sanpete
Valley. We are now one hundred miles on our way and forth miles from the
Sanpete, the Sanpete road turns up the Salt Creek Canyon.
- Monday, 23rd.
- This morning, the thermometer stood 16 above zero; about noon the sun
shone out and the mercury rose to 46. Our roads good all day; found little
more snow some of the way, but where we camped at night not [illegible] of
the road, no wood without going to the mountain. We are within a short
distance of the mountain that separates us from the Sevier. We started about
half past nine and camped about four. We corralled all the horses tonight
and kept a guard with the cattle. We see not far off the smoke of the
Indians' camp. We expect to find some of our oxen pretty stiff in the
morning, owing to it being so slippery our camp did not observe good order.
The first ten in the first division traveled in rear of the first division;
and the second division started last. But G.A. teams being hindered about 5
minutes, some of the second division drove past by striking out and the
whole division followed with the exception of T> Lewis' ten. Found no
water in this drive.
- Tuesday, 24th
- This morning about half past five the horn sounded to wake up the camp. I
arose soon and built a fire in the stove in my wagon which I had arranged
for cooking before I left the city. After thawing out and putting on my
boots I got out of my wagon and found during the night the snow had fell
about 3 inches deep. It was a little cloudy and the thermometer stood at 10.
After preparing wood and water I took my gun and traversed the sage brush in
search of rabbits, but found none, but lost my pocket handkerchief,
returned, got my breakfast, assisted in driving up the cattle and rolled out
about 10. The second division went before, and our pilot instead of taking
the old road that led along close to the right hand bluff, he took us still
farther at the left with a circle round a big swamp and come to our old road
in about 2 hours after traveling some 4 or 5 miles on the dividing ridge
between the _____ Valley and the Sevier River after passing over the
mountains we passed over a rolling valley found the road a little hilly.
After traveling some twelve or fourteen miles we came to the Sevier River.
We passed over the side of the mountain, the road very sideling and rough
and a little steep. We camped on a small bottom about sundown after
traveling some fifteen miles. One of my oxen gave out about 1 mile before
camping. We are camped this evening in sight of the Indians fires. The
wagons behind hove in sight while we were on top of the mountains. The
mercury sank this morning to 6n above zero.
- Wednesday, 25th
- This morning the thermometer stood 12 degrees below zero. Our cattle were
covered with a white frost and were not inclined to feed. We yoked up about
11, commenced crossing the river, some of the horse teams crossed first, and
then the first division crossed over, and before all was over it was after
sundown owing to it being bad getting out and the bad hill, it was short but
steep and slippery. We camped on the opposite side; the 11 wagons behind
came to the camping ground that we left. Our wood was mostly sage brush. On
both sides we find it most impossible to get along, our cattle not being
shod, it being slippery. I spent a portion of the day and evening in reading
the secret debates and proceedings of the convention of 1776.
- Thursday, 26th
- This morning the thermometer stood 18 degrees below zero. Our cattle
suffered much; we3 drove them up about ten calculating to roll on 5 or 6
miles, but one pair of G.A. Smith's were missing. On searching we found
their tracks breaking for the bluffs with two moccasin tracks, one each
side. We soon dispatched Fullmer with some 25 men in pursuit of them. One
man soon returned with word that they had found the oxen badly wounded with
arrows, but the Indians escaped. The company were directed to follow them
and Capt. Little with 17 of his company were ordered out. The horsemen soon
found that the Indians had crossed the river; they pursued them for several
miles and took two prisoners, brought them into camp and kept them till
morning, and Brother Empey took the boy and let the old one go. The oxen
were driven into camp and during the night the one died having five arrows
pulled out of him and several more wounds; one still lives. Owing to the
oxen being gone we turned out our teams, remained over night.
- Friday, 27th
- This morning the weather much warmer, thermometer stood at 6 below zero.
We rolled out about 10, traveled some nine miles, rolled over a mountain and
camped in a small valley, good feed and no water. We found the snow about 8
inches deep. The camp was called together in the evening and Pres. Smith
gave some direction respecting guarding and traveling.
- Saturday, 28th
- This morning the thermometer stood 12 above zero, quite pleasant with the
exception a little cloudy. We rolled out early in about three miles and came
to a mountain, passed up a canyon, found the snow one foot deep, one bad
hill it being very sidling. We found heave roads for three miles or more and
then we came to the summit. We rolled down the mountain come two miles found
the snow deep or deeper than on the other side. We found no water and the
feed covered with snow, and a plenty of wood, the fires built, the kettle
prepared and all hands melting snow for the cattle. The second fifty broke
one wagon and stopped on the top of the ______________. Some of the horse
teams went on to water and one ten of the ox teams, the women what few there
were along were obliged to walk up the mountain, some with a child in their
arms through the snow, some I saw with their husbands boots on. Several of
our cattle gave out and we left some by the way and went for them after camping.
I put the big boiler on the stove, kept the snow a melting for my cattle all
day. The two Johnson boys cached at the foot of the mountain a part of their
loads what iron they had.
- Sunday, 29th.
- Pleasant and some warmer. The call was made at 6 o'clock for the camp to
arise, yoke up and roll out to water. We started about sunrise, drove some 7
miles to Cedar Springs and camped about 12 1/2 twelve; good water and wood
and feed a plenty. Left on the way one ox died and worn down the hard work
and it was all I could do to get one of my cows to the camp. After eating my
dinner I went to Br. G.A. and got his journal for the purpose of drawing
from it the same totals of the returns of this camp to Iron County which I
entered in my journal, which is as follows:
|lights of glass
|spades & shovels
||children under 14
|women over 14
|men 14 & upwards
||total number of persons
|| young and old
|total number of
||sum total of all
| horn cattle
|| the living
Capt. of Fifties
Anson Call & Simeon Baker
Capt. of the Military
|Almon Fulmer of the
The above are the captains of the traveling camp and of the
military of Iron County
We entered after rolling over the mountain that lay south of
the Juab Valley on Saturday a valley called after a tribe of Indians Powvine
Valley, and those springs come from the bluff of the east side of this
valley is large and the Sevier River empties into it and forms a lake some
twenty miles in length, but few streams come from the mountains. This
evening the camp was called together and our President spoke and gave
counsel respecting guarding and taking care of our cattle, and said he
thought the camp got along well and manifested the best spirit of any camp
he ever traveled in; told one or two anecdotes and dismissed by benediction.
We saw the Indian camp fires in the distance westward. We kept a strong
guard during the night.
- Monday, 30th.
- This morning the camp was called early as usual, got our breakfast,
gathered cattle and moved on between nine and ten; crossed two creeks, one
with steep banks, and Br. Love in getting through broke an axletree made of
wrought iron. We traveled 9 miles and camped on Camp Creek at 3 1/2 o'clock.
This creek derived its name by a camping on it 7 weeks being snowbound P.P.
Pratts Capt. Fuller exploring company sent from Salt Lake last year. The
snow here is about 3 inches deep, good feed, good water and wood. The
thermometer rose this morning to 13 above zero. 18 men on guard detailed by
Capt. Little and Lieutenant Sheets.
- Tuesday, 31st.
- This morning the mercury rose to 22 above zero, cloudy during the day so
that it did not thaw much. We started at 9 1/2, the first division forward,
Capt. Dame's ten in front, the roads good. We made 10 miles and camped on a
small creek, good feed, and a few willows; sage a plenty all day. Our cattle
seemed to stand it well; the snow about 3 inches deep all day it falls to my
lot in company with Lieutenant Elmore to detail the guard, 3 every two
hours. Some of the brethren went this morning before starting about 2 or 3
miles down the creek to a chalk bed on both sides of the creek near some
small cedars and returned with back loads. The horse teams stopped back this
morning while the blacksmith mended Br. Love's axletree and came up with us
January 1st, 1851
- This morning at 12 o'clock, I having the detailing of the guard, I cried
the hour and said with a loud voice, I am happy of the opportunity of saying
to this camp, the new settlers of Iron County, I wish you a Happy New Year,
hoping your labors the coming year may be crowned with a beautiful harvest
with with peace and plenty and prosperity so that to your increase there
shall be no end, even so, Amen. To this many of the camp shouted, Amen. I
overheard one man say to his bed fellow that is a good toast if we only had
a bottle of good brandy or ale to go with it and a little bread and cheese.
And when I called the guard at ten o'clock their tower being two hours I
cried the hour and said that I was authorized by our Mayor and all the Iron
Battalion to call on B. Watts, J. Brinton, H. Lunt and place them on guard
and keep them there till next year. Bro. Lunt came forward with his hands
full of bread and said if he was going to stay till next year he was not
going to starve. The camp was called together this morning to see if we
should move on or lay by till tomorrow. It was moved and carried that we
stopt till tomorrow. The day saw spent by hunting and exploring and shoeing
oxen, and in the evening the camp was invited by Bishop Lewis to come
together and to celebrate the New Year in a dance. One half or more repaired
to fire that had been prepared for the occasion opposite of the second
division, and listened to a short address and prayer from Bishop Lewis, and
then both men and women joined in the dance. I repaired to my wagon to write
in my journal the proceedings of the day and evening, and as I sat writing a
top at the front end of my waggon and the curtain raised, and Bro. Horne
with two more with him said they had been dispatched by Br. Lewis to request
me and ladies to come over and join in the dance, but it being cold we
declined going, but declared our intentions when we got to the end of our
journey and a house built we then should be likely to indulge a little. We
saw today the smoke of the Indians fire a little to the right of the twin
mountains some fifteen miles west of our camp. Br. Shirts went east on to
one of the mountains where he had a view of the valley and says the valley
west extends further than he could see and that he discovered a lake of
water which runs north and south which he thinks must be some sixty or
seventy miles long. This valley is connected with the Great Desert.
- Thursday, 2nd
- This morning the thermometer stood 18 above zero; very cloudy and snowed a
little. We moved on 5 miles, camped on the branch of one of the three creeks
about 1 o'clock. Some went hunting, some went to explore the country. Among
other discoveries we found off to the left of the camp towards the bluff an
Indian field where they had raised corn, beans and wheat. Several wigwams,
but they were all vacated. We suppose much of this valley might be farmed to
a good advantage, and in all probability will be in a few years from this.
It is now 7 o'clock in the evening and the horn is sounding that three of
our brethren that are out may hear and by it find the way to the camp it
being dark and cloudy. They went to the mountains to hunt. The boys are now
going to build a big fire that they can see from a distance. The men
returned safe fetching with them some specimens of rock and reported iron
ore in the mountains south of where we camped.
- Friday, 3rd.
- This morning we started at 9 1/2 nine, cloudy, the mercury stood at 12
above. We traveled some three miles and come to the end of valley, rose a
divide with a gradual rise about three miles further and the road good, only
slippery, the snow being some 2 inches deep. We then descended some three
miles and came to another mountain, traveled some two or three miles up and
camped in the canyon about 2 miles from the summit. Wood a plenty for
camping purposes; no water and not much grass. The horse teams and two tens
of the ox teams by permit rolled ahead, (and we learn by a man that rode
ahead with our pilot and returned since we camped) they are camped about 4
or 5 miles ahead. The last two miles we found heavy hills; some had to
double teams. My team got very tired after camping. I walked some two miles
ahead till I met the man returning. I started for the summit. The most of
the stone where we passed today looks as if they had been melted and many of
them are mixed with iron ore, and no doubt much ore could be found near this
place. This part of the mountain seems to be destitute of timber as far as
we know with the exception of cedar and that is to be seen on most of the
mountains. The snow in this canyon is about 4 inches deep, and as I passed
up I found it to increase in depth. It has been foggy all day and a white
frost covers the grass so that our cattle will do very well without water.
The Powvine Valley that we have just left today and those mountains seem to
be destitute of game of any kind. We have not killed but little of any kind,
some few ducks and a few rabbits. I have not seen neither a deer nor an
antelope since I left Salt Lake City.
- Saturday, 4th.
- This morning Capt. Baker by request got onto his horse and turned a little
to the right of the camp and found a place around the mountains a better
place for the road than where those that were ahead went. If we had kept
more to the right when we was back at the foot of the mountain and kept
further up the valley we might have saved much hard drawing. After traveling
this morning about 5 miles we crossed over a divide and rolled into a small
bosom in the mountains some two miles in diameter surrounded by high
mountains on all sides. After passing through this bosom we came to the
mountain and found heavy hills for about 3 miles. We had to double our teams
some part of the way but about half past four word came from our pilot that
he had found water and feed 3 miles ahead. We were then near the summit of the
mountain. We rolled into camp about dark, found a small stream coming from
the mountain about half a mile from where we camped; drove our cattle to it
and melted snow for cooking, which was about four inches deep. Sage brush
for wood. Notice was given this evening for everybody to stay in camp
tomorrow and be ready for meeting at 10 o'clock. We are camped in a small
valley. We have travelled 24 miles in three days.
- Sunday, 5th.
- This morning the thermometer 26 above zero, cloudy. About 9 the call was
made for all hands to gather the cattle and count heads, and see if they got
water, the stream being small and froze over with a thick ice. After this
was done, meeting was called together, Br. Wiley appointed to lead in
singing. Our President gave us good advice respecting taking care of our
stock, and spoke of the object of our mission. The guard were put on as
usual and instructed to build fires that the natives might know we were on
hand. I presented the President with a plan of a part to be considered by
the company with others that had been drawn calculated for our convenience
in Iron County. The girls made bread for Br. Cherry & Benson, some dog
- Monday, 6th.
- Warm and pleasant this morning. The cattle was called for about 8 1/2;
they were in a scattered condition, and the most of the men went for them.
the cedars being plenty and thick it required considerable time to gather
them all, but one of my oxen were brought in and the most of the company
started. Some of the horse teams stopped, and I got on to Br. Cherries horse
and went in search but did not find him, but when I returned Br. Hultze and
Johnson had found him and got yoked up and started. The ox was by himself
and a big wolf stood by him. Capt. J. Hoffheins had one killed last night by
the wolves. I soon overtook my teams and found one of my cows very lame. Her
hind feet were wore so thin that it hurt her to step. Our road led to the
south. We passed over a rolling piece of country, traveled 6 miles and
camped by a small creek; cedars plenty and middling good feed. After camping
I got some shoes off Br. Dalton and nails off Br. Howd and Br. Whitney put
them on to my old cow. We are still in the same bosom that we camped in over
Sunday. The creek we camped on Saturday we named Cove Creek. A part of the
road today would be wet, in a wet time, it has thawed considerable today.
- Tuesday, 7th.
- It froze quite hard last night and snowed a little, but a fine morning.
Cattle gathered and the last teams started about ten. We passed over a
divide into the end of this bosom. This bosom is composed of three small
ones there being a rolling piece of land between that divides them so that
each one has its own sink, much water must make into each of them. The
mountains are high around them. After traveling about 4 miles we came to the
mountain which was steep. We had the most of us to double teams. We rolled
over one mountain after another for about six miles and camped at the foot
of a steep hill by a dry creek without water. We found from 8 to 10 inches
of snow crossing the mountains, the last waggons rolled in a little before
sunset. Our waggons got considerable scattered owing to out doubling teams
up the mountain. This ravine that we camped on leads into Beaver Creek. This
evening the horn sounded to call the camp together for meeting. The
President presided and Br. Mitchell was called and requested to speak if he
felt like it. He said he had a bad cold and was quite hoarse, but he
accepted the invitation and gave us a lecture on the Word if Wisdom, after
which our president arose and said he had listened with pleasure to the
remarks made by Br. Mitchell and highly approved of a strict observance of
the Word of Wisdom, but said it did not always follow that a man must
totally abstain from tea and coffee, but that wisdom sometimes dictated to
him the use of tea & coffee. While exploring these mountains his food
sometimes had been so dry that he wanted something besides cold water to
help it down and said he now was using a little tea and thought he should
continue to do so until his old cow calved. And gave us an explanation of
original sin and the unpardonable sin and tetotal [sic] depravity, etc. etc.
- Wednesday, 8th.
- This morning our wagons were covered with snow that fell during the night,
and about 8 it commenced again to snow and continued to do so till about 10
1/2, when we were ready to roll out, but two, Br. Dame and one more had
cattle missing, a cow and an ox, two tens stopped back while the rest rolled
on until the cattle were found. Our road was good today for about ten miles
a ravine to cross, the only bad place till we came to the place where we
were calculating to camp, a small creek but owing to the thick ice we found
it impossible to water our stock without much labor, so we moved on to a
small creek in the valley of Beaver Creek, a fine place for camping which
made 14 miles, and for the last three we found it hilly. This valley is
surrounded by high and lofty mountains and to every appearance covered deep
with snow. Not much in this valley and what little there is, the most of it
fell last night. We saw three Indians this afternoon, and they tell us a
heap of wigwams nearby. This valley, to all appearances will be good to
cultivate and will, I think, soon be settled by the Mormons. We are about
one mile from the Beaver Creek; much cedars on all the mountains and some in
- Thursday, 9th.
- This morning the thermometer stood 16 above zero. The night was cold. It
fell to my lot the last part of the night to awaken the guard some time
about 11, Br. Parks being on guard. Round the corrall Br. Cherries dog not
being tied made out at him as he was passing the waggon. Parks thinking the
dog intended to bite him cocked his gun and shot him in the shoulder. Br.
Whitney put two shoes on one of my cows this morning, her feet being so
badly worn that she was lame. The last of the camp rolled out about 11 1/2
eleven. We found steep banks in crossing the creek we camped on. We crossed
one more small creek before we came to Beaver Creek. After crossing Beaver
Creek we bore to the right so as to shun a wide slough. Soon after getting
round this we began to rise the hill; it was a gradual rise not very steep
all day. We camped in the mountain before we gained the summit. We traveled
some eight or none miles, camped without water, plenty of wood and show,
some 8 inches deep; feed good on the side of the mountain. The second fifth
went ahead this morning and are camped ahead of us tonight. Our road today,
some part of the way was among the cedars and it was with care and some
difficulty that we could keep from tearing our wagon covers and stove pipes.
We found some rocks in the road, some short and steep pitches to come down.
Beaver Creek affords sufficient water for irrigating the valley, and for
mill purposes. This evening at 6 the thermometer stood at 7 above.
- Friday, 10th.
- This morning the thermometer stood at 13 above zero. The most of the camp
were ready early for driving up our stock and all hands were requested to
assist in collecting them. We found they were scattered in every direction.
About ten we were ready to roll. We had at the start a long steep sidling
stoney hill to rise. We doubled teams and when we rose to the top another
hove in sight, and for about a mile we found rising ground and when at the
summit a plenty of siders and a steep mountain to descend. The second
division, the evening before tore several of their wagon covers. We
dispatched me to cut away so we went clear; but owing to our doubling
teams at the start, the the camp became disorganized and scattered. After
descending about half a mile we found a bosom in the mountains where the
second division camped last night. Our ten got together in this bosom, all
but Br. Benson; he went ahead not waiting for the rest to come up. After
passing through the bosom we found in passing over the mountains into the
Little Salt Lake Valley the worst road in all the route, a rough, rocky
divide, heavy hills for our teams. When on top of the mountain one of my
oxen laid down overcome with hard drawing. After traveling about one mile
from this place at the foot of the mountain the feed being good and my
cattle tired, I stopped unyoked my team and let them out for one and a half
hours; got supper and then rolled on again, it being dark but a good moon.
After going some two miles we met Br. Cherry our Capt. of ten and Br.
Tarlton Lewis coming to see where we was. Our ten and some seven or eight
waggons besides that had been left behind, owing to their teams being weak,
from other tens had camped in the edge of the valley and Pres. Smith
requested the two brethren to come back and see if I was coming up. I got in
about seven o'clock. President Smith requested me to notify the military of
our camp parade and make a show of arms, so if the Indians were about they
might know that we were prepared for them. The guns having been loaded for
some time it was recommended by our major to discharge them and re-load them
so as to have them in good order in case the Indians should make an attack
on us. After discharging the fire-arms, Bishop Lewis being one of the
artillery company strongly requested the privilege of firing the cannon; it
was granted by the Major, the discharging of the small arms and the
preparing of the _______ seem to fill all the camp with a military feeling,
and we requested Br. Lee to train us a little, and our Major gave us the
privilege of firing our round of musketry by plattoons, or sections, there
being twenty of us we were formed into five sections, 4 in each, and after
the firing the cannon, we were marched up and fired by sections and breaking
from the center opened from the right and left and forming in rear of the
company, five plattoons in succession led on by the sound of the cannon made
the valley ring and the mountains sounded with the echo, which roused the
camp of some twenty waggons that had rolled on to the Buck Horn Spring about
5 miles ahead. They supposed we were attacked by the Indians; it roused all
hands to arms, but for some cause but two men could be found that were
willing to come to us, Br. Decker and Br. Lish and one man started for the
second division to give the alarm war. They soon mounted fifteen men and
started them to our relief, but the two that were started from the first
camp came in time to return and met the fifteen mounted men some five miles
on the way to battle field and sent them back telling them that it was only
a signal of distress that the weak teams that they had left behind was in
want of some cattle to help them through. And if them felt like it they
could send back a few yoke. We considered this a pretty strong joke, one
that they merited for leaving the weak teams behind, who, had it not been
for Capt. Cherry's ten, the one that our President traveled in stopping and
camping for the express purpose, they would have been left entirely alone
exposed to the mercy of the Indians. In this we affected two things, got our
drooping spirits cheered up by laughing at the joke, and it served us as an
express to have cattle sent back. We camped this evening without water and
not much feed and sage for wood. My cow got left behind and I had to go back
about a mile for her.
- Saturday, 11th.
- This morning the thermometer stood 25 above zero, a light shower of rain
during the night; found our stock alright in the morning and gather them,
hitched up and ready to roll 9 1/2 nine. Rolled on to the Buck Horn Springs.
(This spring derived its name by our President G.A. finding a buck-horn in
it.) And finding a plenty of water and our teams being without water for two
days, and two nights and having hard drawing, we thought it best to lay by
tomorrow. We camped about 12 o'clock and passed the balance of the day
hunting rabbits and shoeing oxen. And about 7 o'clock in the evening Br.
Walker and a young lad by th3e name of Hansell Call came from the other camp
which was about 14 miles ahead with six yoke of oxen to help those that they
had left behind. We were much pleased to see them; rejoiced much to think
that our dispatch and signal of distress last night had its desired effect.
Br. Lee gave the messengers their supper and furnished them with lodgings.
We found a note left by some of the camp that stopped here last night
stating that an Indian came into camp this morning. We camped about 40 rods
west of the road.
- Sunday, 12th.
- This morning fine and pleasant. We were ready to roll 9 1/2. After
traveling about 3 or 4 miles in looking back we saw waggons on the road as
far as we could see. Getting our spy glass to bear we counted 7; who they
are we do not know, but we think they must be our brethren that started
after us. After traveling 10 miles we came to where the main camp was, the
last of the teams got in 3 1/2. Campt four miles from the Liberty Pole on a
creek of fine water, good size for farming purposes. Some part of the
company had been here since Friday and I found on listening that a variety
of opinions had been formed respecting the land and country. In the evening
the captains were invited to come to our President's waggon where he could
converse with them. He reproved them some for leaving their teams behind and
said the selfish principles he had seen in some who was not willing to help
others when they had need on such a journey as this was not right and gave
them to understand that he would have been better pleased if the company
instead of rushing ahead and leaving a part behind had stopped and helped
the weak teams over the mountains and all come on together it would please him
better. But said on the whole he thought they had done well as there had
been no cause for any bad feeling but all had done well, and yet there was
room for improvement, but hoped that none of us would ever be called to take
another journey like this in the winter again. We let the cattle run without
guarding tonight. We keep a watch around the corral.
- Monday, 13th.
- This morning we gathered up our stock and moved on 4 miles to the next
creek; formed our corral near the mountains at the mouth of the canyon; let
our stock run at large; a fine stream of water and feed enough for present
purposes and wood. Several of the horse teams remained back after the ox
teams had left and three Indians came to them the fartherest came on a smart
run hollering to the fullest extent of his voice, saying he was a friend,
and seemed much terrified. He had heard our firing Friday evening and not
knowing the cause of ti were frightened. Our interpreter was there and told
him that we were their friend and should not hurt them if they did not
meddle with our stock. He said they would not, and seemed much pleased that
we were about settling in this valley. Two more came that were a little way
off, the first was sent not knowing but what he would be killed. They said
what made them so afraid the Spaniards came a few years ago all through this
mountain and shot a great many of them, all that they could find, and they
did not know but we were a going to do the same, but as one of the Braves he
was sent to see. In the evening Br. Smith, our President called the camp
together and gave some general instructions and said to Lieut. Smith (Capt.
Fulmer being absent), he wanted him with some fifteen of his men to
accompany him on the morrow for he wanted to explore in the region of Muddy
Creek. He made some remarks respecting his opinion of this country here,
thought the prospects in general was as good or better than he expected.
Five men from my company guards the corral. Br. Sheets and myself in order
to rouse the downcast feelings of some went from fire to fire during the
evening to inquire into the temporal and spiritual welfare of the brethren.
The most of them, however, seemed to enjoy themselves pretty well. There
were some few that seemed rather dissatisfied with the country. C. Harper
said he had no faith only that this land was poor. Burr Frost remarked to me
during the day that any man that said he was pleased with this valley if he
had common sense was a liar; for, said he, it is not fit for anybody to
settle in, and for us to think of settling here, it was the height of folly,
and he would venture to say that as to iron ore there was none there. These
were his views and feelings, and to me he was a sorry looking fellow not
having shaved himself since he left home; his beard was long and his face
still longer. I saw the Pred [sic] this morning hacking some deer meat the
Br. Shirts had on the mountains, and packed in some seven or eight miles,
the only one killed in the camp.
- Tuesday, 14th.
- This morning the President and his escort were busily preparing for to go
to Muddy. Br. Cherry and others to explore the canyon south of us. Br. Smith
and company prepared themselves with 3 days provisions, Capt. Call and Capt.
Baker going with him. He requested me to take the oversite of the camp and
to select a place and build a bridge across the creek. I called on Br. Farr
and Capt. Bringhurst to assist me in selecting a place. Br. Elmer and four
others went to find and cut lumber for the string pieces for the bridge. The
women in the camp were engaged in making a flag with stripes and stars to be
erected as a national ensign. The waggons that were supposed to be seen on
Sunday coming behind us have not been seen and those that thought they saw
them most likely was mistaken. Several men that have explored the country
returned. Bishop Lewis and some others reports a plenty of pine about 5
miles up one of the canyons and good pass for a ______. About 3 o'clock
Capt. Little and myself called out our companies for drill.
- Wednesday, 15th.
- This morning after counseling with Capt. Cherry and Capt. Mitchell I
called for the cattle to be drove up and after we had got them part of the
way up Bishop Groves sent to have them remain out, not to be brought in. I
immediately came and informed him that Pres. Smith had particularly
requested me to build a bridge and to see the camp moved over the other side
of the creek, and for that purpose we were gathering the cattle. But he
insisted they should remain, and the camp not to be moved without first
calling all together so as to see if they wished to move, and said it must
not be done today, and the reason he gave was that the chickens were out,
and some of the women wanted to wash and called the camp and notified them
that the cattle nor camp must not be disturbed today, but said he had no
objection to my building a bridge. I told the brethren why I had called for
the cattle, it was to build teh bridge and then move the camp over, but said
I if Bishop Groves wishes to counteract the President's orders to me, I am
willing, but told them plainly that his orders was that I should build the
bridge and see the waggons removed over the other side of the creek. But the
Bishop replied the chickens were out and the camp must not be moved today.
One yoke of oxen from each ten was got, and the stringers hauled and the
bridge built. Capt. Hunt with some seven or eight others from California met
the President yesterday about six miles from this place and Capt. Hunt
turned back with President to explore, the rest came in to camp where they
will remain till Capt. Hunt and the party returns. They tell us that Bro.
Isaac Brown being in a hurry and unwise started a short time before them for
Deseret, but they found where his animals turned back, they expect the
Indians killed him and took his horses. The wind came today strong from the
west; it grew cold towards evening. I noticed some two or three young calves
draw into camp this evening. One of Br. Jonsons oxen was found most dead.
- Thursday, 16th.
- Today the company that went south to Muddy to explore returned reported
favorable as to iron, and the richness of the soil. But is was thought best
to stop and commence our settlement here. The camp was called together and a
report made, and said the President, I shall stop here and call on all that
was willing to stop with him to make it manifest by the uplifted hand and by
saying I. The vote was unanimous. The camp also met in convention to nominate
County officers to be elected. The following names were nominated by the
convention: four our Representative, Jefferson Hunt and for the ASsociate
Justices, Edson Whipple, and Elisha H. Groves; for sheriff, James A. Little;
for recorder, James Lewis; for Assessor and Collector, Joseph Horne; for
Sealer of weights and measures, Philip B. Lewis; for Supervisor of roads,
Almon L. Fullmer; for Magistrates, Anson Call, Tarlton Lewis, Aaron Farr,
John D. Lee; for Constables, Zachariah Decker, Charles Hall, Samuel A.
Woolley, Charles Dalton. After which notice was given to the captains to
have a public dinner prepared on the morrow, and that Capt. Hunt and the
seven men with him to be invited to partake with us, and the convention
adjourned sine die. Br. Jonsons ox found dead.
- Friday, 17th.
- This morning the thermometer was at zero. Br. G.A. and Lee killed a beef
ox, the most of it was lent to different individuals. I borrowed a shin that
weighed 15 lbs. All hands seem to feel spirited to help and to furnish for
the dinner and at ten we were called to vote for our County officers, and at
about two the cannon was fired twice that the poles would soon be closed
after which the cannon was fired three times for the tables to be spread,
each ten spreading their tables of buffalo robes on the ground, on top of
which the table cloths were spread and covered with the dishes used by the
camp and with roast beef, roast pork, beans, beefsteak, pork steak, boiled
beets and unions, pies and cakes, coffee and tea, puddings and pickles, a
good variety and a plenty of such as was found in the camp. At the sound of
the bugle all the camp, old and young came to the table, seated themselves
on ox yokes which was suitable arranged for the convenience of all. After
refreshing our bodies several toasts was heard the meeting dismissed by
benediction. The tables was cleared, the camp retired to their waggons, the
Capt. of tens called on their men to gather in the wood for evening and
about dark the bugle sounding after building a big fire our two little
fiddlers were comfortable seated, the company gathered. Our President and
Capt. Hunt and his company took the first dance; after that myself and girls
indulged till about 8 o'clock then we repaired to our waggons, took our
coffee and retired for the night.
- Saturday, 18th.
- This morning the mail was made up for the City. Several petitions we got
up and signed by many for the citizens, one for a national road from the
Capital to Iron County, one for a railroad from the Capital. About 12 our
cattle were called for. Capt. Hunt left soon after for the City, and as we
were preparing to hitch on to our waggons some thirty or forty Indians came
into camp, Peteetneet and his band. They had one of Miles Goodrich's
children that he had by a squaw his wife that belong to that band, Gooder
being dead the child was left with Peteetneet. We moved our waggons across
the creek near the Liberty pole. I unloaded one of my waggons and took of
the bed placed on the ground. Br. Daton killed a cow this morning for Capt.
Hunt's company. I bought 124 lbs at 12 cents a pound. I sent three letters
to the city, one to Capt. D.H. Wells giving him an order for two cows to be
received in tithing.
- Sunday, 19th.
- Pleasant this morning and at 11 the camp was called together for meeting.
Prayer by Br. Miller. Br. Call was called on to speak, after which the
President spoke and gave notice for the camp to come together at two of the
clock that something respecting our locating and building. At two the
meeting met. A vote was called to see if the Brethren were willing to build
their houses in a compact forming a Fort. Agreed to and then a vote was
taken and carried to build a meeting house. Ways and means was agreed on.
The President gave some counsel respecting and other matters. Bishop Groves
was appointed by the meeting to trade with the Indians for all the company.
Many of the Indians came in camp to trade. We told them it was Sunday, we
could not. Peteetneet called his band together and told them this was a good
day and they must not trade. Several stopped in our meeting. Peteetneet
listened to what was said and each time when any one said amen, he said the
- Monday, 20th.
- This morning we held a court and bonds were given and several officer4s
sworn in to office. After which we took up a collection of ammunition for
the Indians, it being contrary to law to sell them any. We gave them some
ten pounds and several boxes of caps, after which notice was given for all
that wished to trade to bring forward their things and the Indians gathered
around with their buck skins trading them for shirts, coats, pantaloons,
etc. Bishop Lewis with eight men went to canyon to cut timber for the
Meeting House. Bro. Hulse found this evening one of my cows with a young
- Tuesday, 21st.
- This morning one man from each ten was detailed to guard the camp and to
drive up the cattle at night. James Lewis officer of the day. Br. Dame the
Surveyor and three others commenced laying out for the building a Fort, the
rest of the men commenced building a road up and to the canyon. Some could
get timber, I went with the rest. Br. Lee bought an Indian boy.
- Wednesday, 22nd
- This morning ten men were detailed to guard the camp, and ten to herd and
drive up the. Br. Miller and myself were sent to explore and look for
farming land. We went to the Lake on the right hand side of the creek, it
being about 5 miles. We found the creek forked. We crossed over both forks,
found a fine bottom of a thousand acres lying on each side of the creeks
which was considered by us good for farming. We then crossed over one end of
the Lake on the ice which was sufficient to bear our horses. [Illegible]
that the Lake set back into a canyon [illegible] the mountain to view the
grass which we found good, but did not find water. We then returned near to
the creek and followed it to the camp; made our report to the President,
left with him some specimens of rock, shrubbery, moss, salt plants etc. In
the evening, the survey of the lots in the Fort being completed a call was
made that wished a lot to come to the President's waggons and select theirs.
No. 14 on the east line was set to me.
- Thursday, 23rd.
- This morning all but the guard and some few others went to work on the
- Friday, 24th.
- Repaired to the canyon to work the road; finished up the middle fork and laid
the stringers to cross the creek up the left hand canyon. The President came
up to see the canyon and to look for a mill site. This evening a meeting was
called and a committee of all went in to look for the best place for farming
on the morrow, Br. Dame chairman.
- Saturday, 25th.
- Today at 11 the thermometer stood seventy two above zero, and at sundown
24. Today many went to view the land. Capt. Fullmer and myself and some
others prepared a Liberty pole and about three the President and the most of
the men about camp came to the spot and assisted in raising it, and our
President dedicated it and the ground on which we had selected to build our
Fort to the God of Liberty. After which I drove the stakes for the twelve
corners of our Meeting House, the plan of which was as follows drawn by our
President; the main body 48 by 22, with a recess on the two sides, 16 by 12.
The plat for our Fort 56 rods square with ninety two lots on the outside, 2
rods in front and 4 deep with a public square of 10 acres in the center; our
Liberty pole erected at the southeast corner of the square and the Meeting
House to be built on the southeast corner of the Fort plat it being the
highest corner and nearest the mountain.
- Sunday, 26th.
- Met at 11 for meeting. I was called on to open by prayer. Br. Groves
address the meeting and was followed by Sithop Robinson. Dismissed and at
one all called and it was taken into consideration our farming and also in
- Monday, 27th.
- The first fifty went to the canyon to haul logs for the Meeting House. 6
men from the mining country arrived in camp; reported that they had a battle
with the Piutes on Big Muddy; no one killed; one shot through the had and
wounded on the top of his head.
- Tuesday, 28th.
- The second fifth drew logs today. I doctored my sick cattle; wrote a
letter to W.P. Stevenson. Indian in camp informed us that Walkers band was
on Little Muddy, twenty miles off, and that 12 of his band had gone to
California to steal horses off the Spaniards. We were invited to dance got
up for the California boys but we die not attend. Br. Woolf mended my boots
and Br. Hulse worked in his place on the meeting house. Paulway the
Frenchman that lives with J.D. Lee got accidently run over with a waggon,
but little hurt.
- Wednesday, 29th.
- Worked on the Meeting House. Wrote a letter to President Kimball. Cloudy
in the afternoon.
- Thursday, 30th.
- Cloudy and warm. Worked on the Meeting House. Br. Hulse drawed two loads
of wood. About three it commenced raining and continued during. Bro. Barnard
killed a beef. I bought 22 lbs. at 12 1/2 cts. per pound. Two families of
Indians pitched their lodges close by our camp yesterday. Ammon one of their
Indians name a Brother of Walker the chief. He talks a little English. He
says he is not an Indian, he is a Mormon. Br. Sabin and Doc Morse went to
the canyons and reported that they had found more timber, pine, spruce,
quaken-asp about 10 miles from camp.
- Friday, 31st.
- This morning every one went to work for himself. Br. Hulse went to the
canyon to cut poles. I went to hunt the cattle, did not get them till
afternoon; found my waggon broke took till night to get it mended. This
evening the camp was called together and a committee of three appointed to
see and report of the fencing of the bottom land. The Surveyor run out 25
five acre lots today, but it was ascertained that some 40 or fifty more
surrounded those lots are next to the Fort down the creek. G.A. our
President ploughed and sowed some 10 quarts of wheat. The thermometer 30
- Saturday, February 1st.
- This morning cold, the thermometer stood at 24, and this evening at 30. I
went with Br. Hulse to the canyon to cut house logs and poles. We cut one
set of house logs and some fifty poles. We cut one large pine that made 3 14
foot logs and one house log. Brother Cartwright cut his foot bad, the toe
next his big toe off. and the one next to it partly off. Many logs and poles
were hauled today. Many stopped all night last night in the canyon. The
girls commenced baking bread for Jonsons boys.
- Sunday, 2nd.
- Cold morning, thermometer stood 16. Meeting at 11, partook of the
Sacrament. The President read from the Book of Doctrine and Covenants and
the Book of Mormon and addressed the congregation for about one hour, then
gave way for others. In the afternoon all went in general council to
deliberate on general movements, and next Saturday was set to move on to our
lots in the Fort.
- Monday, 3rd.
- This morning the call was made at sunrise for all that wanted cattle to go
and make a general drive. Br. Hulse went for mine and I went to the canyon.
We drawed 7 logs and cut 2 loads more. In the evening the camp was called
together to hear the report of the wire grass committee, and all was called
on to give in the number of acres they wanted, wished to farm.
- Tuesday, 4th.
- This morning I went to the canyon, Br. Hulse went for the team. We hauled
and piled logs and poles; hauled one load of house logs. Today I made a
bargain with Hulse to give him twenty dollars a month from the time we left
the Salt Lake City till he returns; one hundred dollars in cash, and the
balance in goods and grain at market prices. He is to remain with me till
after harvest if I want. This evening the camp were called together and drew
for their ten acre lots on the upland. And the President requested all that
could to move tomorrow across the creek on to their lots or to form their
waggons into a square around the public square inside of the Fort. This
square is forth square. The Bishops were instructed to see that each line
was formed in order. Bishop Call on the south, Bishop Lewis on the west,
Bishop Miller on the north, Bishop Robinson on the east. Weather fair and
warm. Several were ploughing and some sowing.
- Wednesday, 5th.
- This morning most of the camp moved. Some remained on the ground. Br.
Hulse and I got our waggons over, and he is hauled a load of stone for
underpinning my house, and I arranged my waggons and put a tent in front of
one. Warm and clear. Br. Benson spent the evening with us, and Br. S. Anson
Call a little while. I called on the surveyor to see where my 9 acre lots
came. He showed me them on the Platt No. 1 and 2 on the first block 4th
range the northeast corner of the field of five acre lots.
- Thursday, 6th.
- Hulse and myself hauled timber from the canyon, the west line commenced
building a dam across the creek to turn the water north of our Fort and
field under the direction of Bishop Call. Nineteen years this day I was
- Friday, 7th.
- Today I went with one yoke of oxen to the canyon. Hulse worked on the dam
together with the citizens of the east line under the direction of Bishop
Robinson. Commenced a bedstead in the evening. A little sprinkle of rain
this morning about daybreak. It snowed a little during the day in the
- Saturday, 8th.
- Pleasant wind in the camp. Finished my bedstead, and in the afternoon
hewed house logs. Brs. Brinton and Harper spent the evening in my tent. Some
have plowed and sowed; others have been engaged in putting up log houses;
others in getting logs and poles. This week has been warm every day, but it
freezes nights. Our stock are scattered for several miles to the east and
west. Many looked all day yesterday for their oxen and did not find them.
Br. Benson has been running his pit saw a part of the week. Several Indians
in camp today, Armmond and the families with him moved yesterday.
- Sunday, 9th
- Cloudy this morning, wind in the north. Br. Cherry called and spent an
hour this morning with us. The horn blowed about 12 for meeting, the camp
came together and organized into a Branch of the Church by the name of the
Louisa Branch, G.A. Smith President. The President requested all the male
members to be organized in one Quorum and to meet on Sundays and deliberate
on any matters calculated to improve the minds. Elisha H. Groves was chosen
president. J.D. Lee got his hand badly bit in parting his and Br. Horne's
dogs from fighting.
- Monday, 10th.
- This morning cold and snowy; the mountain squalls came from the north
east. It continued cold all day, snowing by spells; in the evening came over
clear. I hauled a load of logs. Hulse grubbed greasewood on my ten acre lot.
Br. Newman called and spent the evening and engaged the girls to do his
baking, mending and washing.
- Tuesday, 11th.
- Cold morning but clear. After the sun got up I hewed house logs and got
out timber to stock one of Jonsons ploughs which I was to use for stocking.
Hulse hauled a load of poles. Several men went to cut and haul timber for a
sawmill for G.A. Smith.
- Wednesday, 12th.
- This morning pleasant and clear, but before night it became rough and
windy and it clouded over and commenced snowing by spells during the
afternoon and evening. Our tent became covered with snow and the stove being
hot melted it, and it commenced running through and we let the fire go out
and it soon froze and stopped leaking. We went to bed early to keep from
being cold. I hewed logs for Frost in the forepart of the day, and hewed for
myself in the latter part. Hulse hauled poles.
- Thursday, 13th.
- This morning the thermometer stood at 8 degrees above zero. It continued
to snow by mountain squalls during the day. The snow got to be 5 or 6 inches
deep; at night it became clear and cold; froze hard during the night. I
commenced making a plow to drill with. Hulse hunted for the cow, did not
find her till afternoon. He looked for her yesterday but did not find her.
While looking he shot a large hard, which was served up by the girls in good
style for supper which we all partook of heartily, four of us and had enough
left for breakfast.
- Friday, 14th.
- This morning cold, thermometer stood at 3 below zero. Clear all day, fine
overhead. I continued to work on my plough, Hulse with me.
- Saturday, 15th.
- The weather moderating a little, the mercury 8 above zero. Soon after
breakfast Bishop Call called on all to turnout and make a general drive of
our stock. At four o'clock our military were called out and drilled about
one hour. Many were absent. We were notified to meet in parade again in two
weeks and if any were absent a fine would be imposed to be applied on public
works. Two Indians in camp. Br. Lee fed one to help him haul wood. Ammon
left this morning to go where Walker is, the President called on me for a
plug of tobacco to sent him a mark of friendship, for Ammon had told him
that Walker thought we had cast him off.
- Sunday, 16th.
- Rather cold and on account of the snow no meeting today till evening when
Bishop "Call and Capt. Fullmer just as I was going to bed gave a
general invitation to all hands to meet at Br. Lee's fire and be ready to
help move a small building belonging to Sixtus Johnson, which he had placed
on the opposite end of his lot from where we were forming our line of
building. Bishop Call calculated to move the building unbeknown to Johnson,
but a young man by the many of Joseph Millett running to Johnsons waggon and
told him of the intention and volunteered to take his gun and threaten to
shoot some of them. Bishop Call being informed that Johnson knew of the
intention went to Johnson and invited him to help but Johnson and Millett
threatened to shoot and Millett came out and Br. Benson took the gun from
him. Millet became much excited and caused quite an uproar. The President
G.A. till now knew nothing of it. He hearing the fuss came out and made the
enquiry concerning the bustle. Bishop Call explained the meeting. The
President being informed that young Millet had threatened to shoot some on
of the company chastised him severely and bid him to go to his bed and never
again threaten to shoot anyone in their camp. The meeting adjourned without
moving the house. Br. Benson engaged [in] board with me for four dollars a
- Monday, 17th.
- The cattle were gathered this morning, and many went for timber in the
canyon. Br. G.A. went with his horses and wagons and leaving them in the
road partly loaded, Br. Bringhurst horses by come means took fright and
running coming up behind G.A. horses started them; they cleared themselves
from the waggons leaving it scattered by the way. Bun on to a big rock,
throwed themselves hurting one considerable. In the evening a meeting was
called to see about building a cattle corrall and we agreed to enclose with
pickets twenty four rods square in the center of our Fort. G.A. then
notified the meeting that he wanted all hands to come the next evening and
move the house that they failed to do the other evening. Br. P. Lewis had
bought the house of Johnson for ten dollars and G.A. had agreed to have it
moved onto his lot.
- Tuesday, 18th.
- Today Hulse worked for G.A. on his sawmill framing. I hauled a load of
timber a stable on the line of the cattle corrall. Br. Benson commenced
boarding yesterday. He is to furnish provisions at the following prices:
flour at 16 cts. per pound; beef at 12 cts. per pound; coffee at 62 cts. per
pound. sugar at 62 cts per pound; salt, saleratus, dried fruit and tallow in
proportion to the above.
- Wednesday, 19th.
- This morning while gathering the cattle, it commenced snowing about 11 it
broke away. Hulse hauled a load of timber for the stable. I commenced laying
it up. The snow fell about 2 inches. G.A. called in today and spoke of the
propriety of petition the President for a military post to be established
between this and Williams ranch on the stream called Ruddy to protect the emigrants
from the hostilities of the Piute Indians, it being the only place between
the Salt Lake Valley where there is to be any danger apprehended from the
- Thursday, 20th.
- Pleasant, but a cold morning, warm after the sun came up. I went with two
yoke of oxen to the canyon; hauled logs to finish my stable. Hulse worked on
the mill. Capt. Fullmer called a while this evening. I bought yesterday 46
pounds of beef at 10 cts. of Br. Bagger & Lainey.
- Friday, 21st.
- Cold in the morning, cloudy and a little squally in the mountains. I
hauled pickets. Hulse worked on the mill. The men that wanted cattle were
called together and in the center of the corrall and organized; sent in
different directions; made a thorough drive.
- Saturday, 22nd.
- Snowing this morning till nine it gave way. Hulse and myself finished
putting up the body of my stable, and completed my picketing around the
corrall. Squally all day by spells; the snow fell about 3 inches, cold all
day. Our grass lots we drawed for. (I drew No. 4 in Block 6 on Range 10.)
- Sunday, 23rd.
- Pleasant this morning but id did not thaw much. Meeting in G.A. camp at
11. G.A. read from the Book of Covenants and made some appropriate remarks
but did not detain the people long, it being cold. In the afternoon the
grammer class met at the same place under the direction of G.A. Smith. While
there Br. Pugmire came in with what he said was gold taken from a rooster's
gizzard that had been killed and dressed. A little while before there were
some six or seven pieces of it. It was not known where the gold came from;
the pieces were small.
- Monday, 24th.
- Cold but pleasant; froze hard last night, warm after the sun came up.
Hulse worked on the mill. I worked on my stable thinking to chink and cover
it in to live in while building my house; the stable is 16 by 10. While
working at chinking I cut my thumb bad, a flesh wound. This evening about
sundown the wind commenced blowing from the southwest; it continued to
increase till my tent became so wrecked that I was obliged to take my stove
outside and let down the south end of my tent and to lay poles on it. The
wind continued to blow hard by spells till after midnight. Br. Newman came
in and wanted us to take his provisions and board him. I said no.
- Tuesday, 25th.
- This morning cloudy. I called Hulse to help me rig up my tent. After
erecting it and proping it getting my stove hot, the girls up, Hulse and
myself commenced at the stable, but about the same time it commenced
snowing. We turned into the tent got our breakfast. Benson got his tinker
tools and done what mending we had on hand. Hulse worked inside on the plow,
calculated for drilling till after dinner, when it stopped snowing. We then
worked on the stable. The snow fell about six inches deep. It turned off
- Wednesday, 26th.
- The thermometer stood 4 above zero, clear and cold, but after about 9 it
became warn till the sun got low. We worked on the stable. I worked about 2
hours on the water ditch. Many of the camp went to see their lots on the
wire grass and cut a road to the bottom through the sage and greasewood.
This morning Br. Sheets notified me that a liceum was to meet at Bishop
Millers in the 3rd Ward and that I was chosen as one of the speakers on the
question, Which have the greatest cause of complain against the Whites, the
Negroes or the Indians. We met according to the arrangement and judges were
chosen to decide according to the strongest argument. I spoke on the
negative in behalf of the Indians. The judges decided in favor of the
Indians, Bishop Miller President.
- Thursday, 27th.
- A cold morning. We worked on the stable, got the roof on, the most of it
painted. Bishop Lewis spent a part of the evening with us. Br. Lee killed a
beef. I got 14 1/2 lbs. I sold Br. Dame 4 lbs. coffee at 75 cts a pound.
- Friday, 28th.
- I finished my stable. Hulse worked on the mill. Bishop Call, Capt. Fullmer
and Wheeler, the interpreter, were sent by the President with a letter to
Walker, some 35 miles.
- Saturday, March 1st
- The weather a little more moderate. We moved into our log shanty. Hulse
worked on the mill. In the evening attended the lyceum, set as one of the
judges, the question, nature and art; decided in favor of art.
- Sunday, 2nd.
- Pleasant morning. About 9 o'clock Ammon with about 35 old any young squaws
and Indians came in to our Fort to have a dance. Commenced at the President
wagon and went all around to all dancing which he done as a token of
friendship with the expectation of getting presents. They all were dressed
in their best. A meeting of the camp was called at 11. The President spoke
of the way he wanted us to use the Indians. In the afternoon the Quorum of
Elders were called together.
- Monday, 3rd.
- Today Walker and his band of Indians came into our camp, riding round and
singing, whooping and firing guns to show that they were friends. I hauled a
load of logs from the canyon. Hulse worked on the mill. Br. Shurts started a
cow herd. I put in one at 3 cts a day.
- Tuesday, 4th.
- I finished my plough for drilling and made a harrow. Hulse worked on the
mill. Joseph Millett cut his foot, taking off a part of his great toe. I
hauled two logs for the bastion to pay a tax on all the military men, built
for a place to keep the cannon on the outside of the line on the northwest
corner of the Fort to commence the north and west line of the Fort.
- Wednesday, 5th.
- This morning cold and cloudy. Snowing in the mountains, but about nine it
cleared off warm so that many ploughed. I hued logs for my house. Hulse
worked on the mill. Last evening our lyceum met and discussed the question,
does man form his own corrector. I spoke on the negative. The judges decided
in favor of the affirmative, not on the account of the arguments but on the
merits of the question.
- Thursday, 6th.
- Today I commenced mhy ploughing considerable froze in the morning, but I
ploughed one acre. This evening G.A. and Br. Lewis called on me and said
they must have Hulse on the mill tomorrow. I agreed he should go. Last
evening I was sent for to come to Br. Mitchells wagon to settle a difficulty
between Mitchell and McGuffey, a difference arising on the account of a
settlement of money matters between them. Br. J. Lewis and L. Baker set with
me on the case. Our decision was that Mitchell should pay McGuffey $9 and 90
cts. after harvest.
- Friday, 7th.
- Today Hulse worked on the mill. I hued a few logs for my house.
- Saturday, 8th.
- Today the most of the camp were employed in raising a frame to the mill
and put on a part of the logs for the [illegible] and building G.A. house.
At 4 the military was called out. Walker, the Indian chief was present with
his band. Ammon a relative of his paraded in Capt. Little's company but the
spirit of the military performing rested on him to that extent, he made a
break from the ranks went and gathered some thirty of the Indians on
horseback and came on parade with them; charged around for some time going
through with their war manovers.
- Sunday, 9th.
- Meeting as usual in the morning and the Quorum met in the afternoon.
- Monday, 10th.
- This morning I renewed my ploughing and continued sowing by drilling;
through the week, ploughed and sowed five acres. Sowed a few peas.
- Sunday, 16th
- Meeting this morning. Elder Howd was called on to preach by the President.
Elder Howd had been engaged in card playing contrary to the feelings of the
President and the President gave him card playing for his text. Elder Howd
was followed by Bishop Robinson, Bishop Call and the President, who gave
notice that on the next Sunday he would speak on card playing and dancing.
Quorum met at 2 as usual. Myself, Brs. Dame and Lee were chosen as a fence
committee. During this week I plowed in three and a half acres of wheat;
ploughed my garden, planted peas, beets, onions, turnips, radishes, lettuce,
- Sunday, 23rd.
- Meeting this morning. Thr president gave us a rich discourse on card
playing, dancing and kindred subjects.
- [Tuesday, 25th]
- On Tuesday the 25th, eight men Capt. Fulmer being their leader, started
with the mail for the Great Salt Lake. I sent 3 letters, 2 to the States,
one to John Long, one to Francis Atkinson and the Saints in general in that
county, Cecil County, Md. The one to Salt Lake to Hugh McKinney. We had much
wind and a little snow. This week I spent three days with Brs. Dame and Lee
as a fence committee measuring th distance and locating the fence to the
Lake. We had about 6 miles of fence to portion out according to the number
of acres farmed which was sixteen hundred, it being one rod two feet and a
half to the acre. Three Indians came in Friday evening with a letter from
Sand Peet Valley from Father Morley bringing the news of Doc Vorm death, he
being shot by Hamelton and Lemmon, the surveyor being dead, the Indians came
through in three days. The letter stated that A. Lyman's Company for
Williams Ranch were about 10 days previous to the letters being wrote,
organizing on Battle Creek in Utah, they will be soon here. Saturday I cut
some hundred pieces of timber for post and poles.
- Sunday, 30th.
- Today the wind blowed from the south so strong it upset my waggon bed. No
meeting on account of the wind blowing; at night it went down and it rained
a little and then it set for snowing; it fell to the depth of 4 or five
inches. I turned in a cow on Monday in the Peter Sheets herd. Benson quit
board on Monday covering which makes six weeks and one day boarding. I
commenced ploughing on Monday on the rabbit bush. During this week I got in
1 1/2 acres.
- Sunday, 6th of April.
- Meeting in G.A. house held a conference, a discourse from our President,
gave a short account of the rise and progress of the Church.
- [Monday, 7th]
- On Monday morning Hulse gave me notice that he could not work for me any
longer. He said his health would not admit of it, that he was not able to
even drive oxen. I told him it would be a great disappointment for him to
leave me, but I could not persuade him to stop. But I did not think it was
owing to bad health, but he had got so much business of his own on hand. We
left it to Esq. Farr to say how much I should give him for the time he had
been with me. Farr divided fourteen dollars a month from the time he
commenced, it being four mouths all to three days. I paid him off owing to
leaving. I could yet plough any during this week. On Thursday I made a
bargain for one month to commence on Monday following for twenty dollars per
Parley P. Pratt and C.C. Rich arrived on Thursday with their company on
their way to California and to the islands. Some fifty waggons. I received a
letter from Sister Holman.
- Sunday, 13th of April.
- Today the people met and listened to P.P. Pratt, C.C. Rich and G.A. Smith.
George Young commenced working on Monday. On Friday Br. Amasa Lyman arrived
with his company on their way to California; about one hundred waggons.
During this week we had some rain which was much needed. I was quite unwell
Thursday and Friday.
- [Monday], 28th.
- Corbet, Wind, Wolsey and Bateman left this morning contrary to counsel for
the Great Salt Lake City. The President wished them to wait till our express
got back but go them must. This week Br. Shirts and Chipman being some of
our exploring company that went to explore some thirty miles south found in
the canyon up Muddy which since we have named Coal Creek, several stratas of
- [Monday], May the 5th.
- G.A. Smith, Esq. Farr and several others went to review the coal
discovered, and also a little Salt Lake that Shirts found. They were gone
three days; found coal in abundance and brought back from the Lake some
three or four bushels of good salt.
- Wednesday, 7th.
- This mornign we discovered waggons on Read Creek. It proved to be Bishop
Call and some 17 or 18 families sent from the S.L. City to the place. We
learned from them that the President and some twenty others were with him on
their way to explore south as far as the Colorado.
- [Saturday], 10th.
- The President and company lay last night on Read Creek. The horse company
from this place were ordered out to escort them into our Fort. It commenced
snowing some time in the night and continued to do so until 9 this morning.
The President remained with us one week all seemed to the visit much. The
wind blowed day and night all the time they were here. On Wednesday three
waggons with the President Young, Kimball, Woodruff, Benson and some eight
or ten more went to visit the ruins of an Indian or Spanish town on the
north side of Read Creek. I went with my horses and carried a load.
- Sept. 17th.
- This season has been dry adn warm, the thermometer has stood some days as
high as 119 above zero. On the Sevier last winter when we were camped it
sunk to 16. A good share of wind. Not much thunder and lightning. The
Indians have taken some 8 or 10 head of cattle from us and one horse. We
were obliged to herd them days and yard them nights. There has been 13
births in this place and no deaths. One sister died out of Amasa Lyman's
Company about twenty miles south of this; they brought here her to bury. We
have brought in this camp ten Indian children.